During the holidays, families are packing up the car and heading on the road to family gatherings, wintery destinations, or fun holiday adventures.
According to AAA, about 112.7 million people will travel 50 miles or more between Dec. 23 and Jan. 2, a 3.6 million increase over 2021, according to the agency. Nearly 102 million people will travel by car, 2 million more than in 2021.
Some common items that end up on the “to-do” list when planning a road trip often include packing the luggage, finding a sitter for the family pet, putting a pause on your mail, and getting the car prepped for the long haul. Your car care checklist probably includes checking the tire treads, tire pressure, brakes, battery, engine fluids, belts, hoses, and wiper blades.
But there's one VERY IMPORTANT thing to include on your checklist many people ofter forget: CHECK THE HEALTH AND WELLNESS OF OF THE DRIVER!
That’s right, You can prepare your car for the trip and have it in tip-top shape, but if the person who is driving the car is not in “tip-top” shape, you are putting your entire family at risk.
A new survey from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine found that 45% of adults have struggled to stay awake while driving. Driving while drowsy is a serious public health issue, causing an average of 328,000 motor vehicle accidents resulting in 6,400 fatalities, according to the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.
Fatigued driving can have the same consequences as driving while under the inﬂuence of drugs and alcohol. The drowsiness is similar to alcohol in that it compromises driving ability by reducing alertness and attentiveness, delaying reaction times, and hindering decision-making skills.
Some of the warning signs include:
Unfortunately, drowsy driving can be difficult to identify; some drivers aren’t aware that they have fallen asleep at the wheel even after being asleep for a few minutes. Drowsiness can impair the ability to drive safely, even if the driver does not fall asleep.
According to the CDC’s “Drowsy Driving: Asleep at the Wheel”, one of the major causes of fatigued driving includes people who are affected by untreated sleep disorders such as sleep apnea. When you have sleep apnea, you are constantly going in and out of the initial stages of sleep, never reaching the critical deep sleep stages where your body can fully rest. Breathing repeatedly stops and starts, often hundreds of times, while you are sleeping. If you don’t enter these deep sleep stages, you aren’t getting the rest you need to allow your body to fully repair itself. When you don’t get enough sleep, you will lack energy and feel fatigued, constantly trying to catch up on your sleep.
The good news is that, in many cases, there are steps that you can take to reduce the consequences of sleep apnea. If you have symptoms of sleep apnea, the first thing you will want to do is see a physician (MD or DO) to discuss your symptoms, behavior, and family history.
It is difficult to treat sleep apnea without understanding the root causes, so your doctor will most likely refer you to a sleep disorder center or sleep medicine specialist. A sleep specialist can help you determine your need for further evaluation, which often involves overnight monitoring at a sleep center or a home sleep test.
If a person is diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the logical treatment is to try to improve sleep habits. A primary care doctor, who is familiar with a patient’s medical history, can often be in the best position to make specific recommendations for solutions.
Some of the common recommendations that you will probably hear are general lifestyle changes such as adjusting your sleeping environment, changing sleep habits, losing weight, or changing your diet to eliminate fatty foods, caffeine, or alcohol. Other recommendations include quitting smoking, reducing stress, and getting more exercise.
Your treatment path depends on your overall health and the severity of your sleep apnea. In cases where an underlying medical condition might be to blame, treating that condition immediately is often the first step.
Untreated sleep apnea is associated with other serious health conditions like heart disease, stroke, diabetes, weight gain, depression, and erectile dysfunction. But if treated, the positive effects can be profound. A good night’s sleep can generate many health benefits including:
A common treatment that is often recommended is the use of a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP) machine. Unfortunately, despite the highly effective treatment CPAP offers, people find it difficult to adhere to it. More than 50% of patients that undergo treatment are unable to tolerate it.
Today, many doctors focus on recommending a treatment that the patient is more likely to use, but everyone is different and there is not a "one-size-fits-all" plan of care. Now that many insurance companies approve the oral appliance as a first-line treatment for mild to moderate sleep apnea, patients have a choice.
An oral appliance is a device that works in your mouth during sleep. It resembles an orthodontic appliance or a sports mouthguard, although the technology behind oral appliances is more advanced. Trays will fit snuggly on upper and lower teeth and they will be connected by some form of attachment. The goal of appliance use is to hold the jaw stable, not allowing it to fall back giving the tongue or other structures a chance to block your airway during sleep.
Oral appliances made by certified sleep dentists are fully adjustable, which is a big advantage over appliances that can be purchased in a pharmacy or online. A custom fit allows the dentist to precisely fit the appliance as well as gain the flexibility to try different settings (jaw positions) until the setting that creates the most benefit is found.
Oral appliance therapy is an effective, non-invasive treatment that fits easily into your lifestyle. Patients like oral appliances because they are:
So, this year when you head out on that long-awaited summer vacation, don’t put your family at risk. Check your tires and check to see why you are TIRED!
At Pennsylvania Dental Sleep Medicine (PDSM)our sleep dentists perform a thorough diagnostic exam prior to suggesting oral appliance options. Your practitioner also works with your extended medical team to understand the full scope of your needs.
When you’re ready, book a one-on-one consultation by contacting us online or by calling us at (717) 995-3590.
**Oral Appliances are covered by most medical insurance plans**